Before you install your gas cylinder cages, we recommend that you identify the safest and most practical area onsite. While stores can be either inside or outside, outdoor storage for gas cylinders is best practice.

Some of the biggest risks when storing compressed gases in cylinders are leaks, and this is the key reason why indoor storage of gas cylinders should be avoided wherever possible. If a gas leak occurs outdoors, in many instances the gas will be dispersed safely. But indoors, a whole room or building can quickly fill with gas. When gas like LPG — which is highly flammable and denser than air — collects in low areas instead of dissipating, accumulated gas remains in its explosive range.

Flammable Gas Cylinder Store

Outdoor gas cylinder stores are best practice.

Storing gas cylinders requires a safe, secure and level site. We recommend the following considerations when installing your Storemasta gas cage:

  1. Base - The store should be at ground level, and any space between the cylinders and the ground filled with a solid base. We recommend bolting down your gas bottle stores or conducting a risk assessment to determine if this is necessary for your site.
  2. Level - The base materials must be sturdy, non-combustible and able to withstand all weather conditions without becoming indented or damaged.
  3. Traffic - Where possible locate storage areas away from traffic and machinery. If this is not possible then bollards or crash barriers must be installed to minimise the risk of cylinders being hit by vehicles
  4. Heat - Cylinder stores must not be close to artificial sources of heat — so away from radiators, boilers, steam pipes etc.
  5. Security - Untrained staff and other unauthorised personnel must not be able to access cylinder stores. Make sure the gas cage is kept locked.


Like all hazardous chemicals, compressed gases must be segregated and separated according to their gas and hazard class. Segregation is about isolating incompatible gases from one another, whereas separation is about physically separating the gas cylinder stores away from site machinery and operations; pedestrians and traffic; other dangerous goods and hazardous chemicals.

In the Standard, the following gases must be segregated by at least 3 metres:

  • Class 2.1 flammable gases (acetylene, LPG)
  • Class 2.2 (5.1) non-flammable, oxidizing gases (oxygen)
  • Class 2.3 toxic gases (chlorine)


Screen walls can also be used to achieve segregation distance and clear diagrams as well as detailed tables are provided in the standard. The 3 metre segregation rule also applies to combustible materials, refuse and vegetation.

NOTE: Segregation distances can vary according to the hazard class of each gas, plus the quantities being used and stored at your worksite.

Gas Cylinder Storage

Gas cylinders should always be stored upright in a secure safety cage and restrained by chains or safety straps. Valves must be closed, attachments removed, and safety caps in place.

The Standard also requires that - 

  • Copies of safety data sheets (SDSs) for each of the gases (plus first aid
    equipment) are nearby.
  • Gas stores are NO SMOKING areas.
  • Entry points and emergency exits are kept clear at all times.
  • Adequate ventilation should maintain safe oxygen levels at all times, as well as safe gas exposure standards and within explosive limits.

Like all storage areas for dangerous goods, cylinder stores must also have correct signage. This includes safety labels, hazard statements, and placards.

Handling of Gas Cylinders

Gas cylinders are bulky and awkward so they create a significant manual handling risk.  Not only are they heavy, but their slim design makes them unstable when standing. Australian Standard AS 4332—2004 is very clear about handling gas cylinders and specifies the following: 

  • Always make sure the valves are closed and cylinder caps in place.
  • Never apply excessive force to cylinder valves — so don’t lift or carry a gas cylinder using their valves, shrouds or caps.
  • Always use a trolley or lifting device (like a forklift) for moving cylinders.
  • Because a cylinder must always be protected from being knocked over, falling, or impact damage to the valve; make sure the trolley or lifting device has secure restraints and safety straps.
  • Don’t drop or roll cylinders over the side of trucks (again use a forklift or other
    lifting device).


Additionally, you should ensure that your staff are trained to:

  • Not transfer or store cylinders with attachments (like welding torches) in place. Take care not to trap their fingers between cylinders.
  • Use PPE like gloves and safety shoes (many workers have had their toes
    crushed from dropped cylinders).
  • Never try to catch a falling gas cylinder — let the cylinder drop and get out of the way.
  • Approach a fallen cylinder with caution, making sure that valves are intact and not leaking.



Empty Cylinders

According to the Standard, empty cylinders must be afforded the same precautions as full cylinders. Make sure they are used, stored and handled in the same manner as if they were full — this includes being properly segregated and separated. What this effectively means for your workplace, is you need additional cylinder stores for your empties. Because (just as if it were full) you cannot store an empty O2 cylinder with empty LPG cylinders.


Download Product Guide PDF


Get in touch:

Need some further advice on gas cylinder storage for your workplace? You may email your enquiries to our helpful team at sales@storemasta.com.au or call on 1300 134 223.

Further resources:

See some of our recent posts about gas cylinder storage and handling.

Like what you’re reading?

Need Personalized Advice?

From product enquiries to compliance advice, we're here to help you create a safer workplace.