In Australia compressed gases are stored in three different cylinders types, each with their own standard sizes denoted by a letter code. In this blog we outline the different gas bottle types and sizes (capacity/dimensions) as specified by Australian Standard AS4332-2004 - The storage and handling of gases in cylinders.
REMEMBER: compressed gases are classified as Dangerous Goods as well as Hazardous Chemicals. If you are getting confused trying to manage your safety obligations why not download our free eBook Gas Cylinder Storage: Compliance and Safety Requirements.
High pressure industrial gas cylinders
High pressure industrial gas cylinders house compressed gases like Carbon Dioxide, Argon, Nitrogen, Helium, Hydrogen, and Oxygen. In Australia cylinders are categorised by a letter code and come in standard sizes as follows:
REMEMBER: All measurements are approximates only as sizes and weights will vary depending on the gas type, volume, and fill pressure.
LPG Cylinders come in a range of sizes with their own letter codes. From fuelling gas BBQs to powering forklifts, you are probably familiar already with many of these cylinder sizes. Here are a few examples:
- Sizes N and P — used for home BBQs and camping equipment
- Sizes Q/T and R — used to power forklift trucks;
- Size S — commonly used for heating domestic homes and small business plus premises operating commercial gas appliances; and
- 90kg tanks — permanently installed and filled onsite at residential homes or businesses operating commercial gas appliances.
REMEMBER: LPG gases are highly flammable, odourless, and asphyxiants. They should be stored outdoors away from heat and other ignitions sources (including static electricity).
Acetylene is an industrial gas used for cutting applications and welding steel. It’s extremely volatile and must be dissolved in a solvent and stored in special cylinders containing a porous mass. Acetylene cylinders come in the following standard sizes:
REMEMBER: Acetylene cylinders have additional precautions and safety requirements for usage and storage. Keep reading our blog series on gas cylinder safety and storage for more information.
Do you need know how to safely store and use gas bottles at your workplace? Why not download our free eBook free eBook Gas Cylinder Storage: Compliance and Safety Requirements, it presents the requirements of the AS 4332—2004 in an easy-to-read format. Read it today and get your workplace 100% safety compliant.