When hazardous chemicals are used in the workplace, it is very important that you store and handle them in a safe and compliant manner. Safe storage of hazardous chemicals is an essential control to mitigate the risks of workplace incidents.
Hazardous chemicals are substances, mixtures or articles that have the potential to cause harm to people, property and the environment.
Under the Globally Harmonised System of classification and labeling of chemicals, there are 29 different classes of hazardous chemicals. These different classifications fall under three main chemical hazards. These chemical hazards include:
- Physical hazards
- Health hazards
- Environmental hazards
The GHS is a harmonised system for hazard classification criteria and chemical hazard communication, however it doesn’t outline the requirements for the safe storage of hazardous chemicals. The requirements for the safe storage of hazardous chemicals is outlined in the Australian Standards. The Australian Standards are based on the Australian Dangerous Goods Code. Most substances that are classified as dangerous goods are also classified as hazardous substances under the GHS.
Therefore when you are seeking to safely store hazardous substances classified under the GHS, you must find the corresponding classification in the ADG code. Once you have found the corresponding dangerous goods classification, you must then find the relevant Australian Standard that outlines the storage requirements for the dangerous substances that you are seeking to store.
The Australian Standards outline different storage requirements for each dangerous goods class, however there are similar factors that are covered in each standard. These factors are outlined below.
Compliant indoor safety cabinets
Hazardous chemicals can be safely stored indoors using an indoor safety cabinet. An indoor storage cabinet used for the storage of hazardous chemicals must meet the specific construction requirements outlined in the relevant Australian Standard.
Even though the construction requirements for safety cabinets for each dangerous goods class are different, there are some similarities. Safety cabinets used for the storage of flammable liquids, flammable solids, oxidising agents, organic peroxides and toxic substances must have:
- Walls, floor, door and roof that is of a double walled sheet steel construction which has an air gap of at least 40mm
- Self-closing, close-fitting doors.
- The bottom of the cabinet must form a liquid-tight sump that is at least 150mm deep.
- Any shelves within the cabinet must be perforated to allow for free air-movement.
If you would like more information on the specific construction requirements for each different type of dangerous goods storage cabinet, you can download our FREE eBook below:
Maximum indoor storage quantities of hazardous chemicals
To reduce the risk that hazardous chemicals have upon people and property, the Australian Standards limit the quantity of hazardous chemicals that can be stored within indoor chemical storage cabinets. The maximum quantities for each dangerous goods classification is outlined below:
|Classification||Maximum Capacity (L)|
|Class 3 - Flammable Liquids||850|
|Class 4 - Flammable Solids||250|
|Division 5.1 - Oxidising Agents||250|
|Division 5.2 - Organic Peroxides - Type B||50|
|Division 5.2 - Organic Peroxides - Type C, D, E||100|
|Division 5.2 - Organic Peroxides - Type F||100|
|Division 6.1 - Toxic Substances||250|
|Class 8 - Corrosive Substances||850|
Marking and signage
To ensure that all workers are aware of the risks associated with hazardous substances, chemical storage cabinets must be signed appropriately. All hazardous chemical storage cabinets must be marked with the relevant dangerous goods diamond. Chemical storage cabinets that are designed for the storage of flammable substances such as flammable liquids and flammable solids must also be marked with a sign that states: “No Smoking No Ignition Sources Within 3 Metres”.
The Australian Standards outline different ventilation requirements for each dangerous goods classification. The indoor chemical storage cabinets that require ventilation include:
- Class 4.1 - Flammable Solids Storage Cabinets
- Division 5.1 - Oxidising Agent Storage Cabinets
- Division 5.2 - Organic Peroxide Storage Cabinets
The Australian Standards do not make it a mandatory requirement to ventilate chemical storage cabinets used for the storage of flammable liquids, toxic substances and corrosive substances. However, if you are storing a flammable, toxic or corrosive substance that is listed in the workplace exposure standards, a ventilation system may be required. The workplace exposure standards identify around 700 hazardous mixtures and substances and their maximum legal airborne concentrations. If your workplace uses hazardous substances that are listed in the workplace exposure standards, you will have to ensure that the vapors coming from these substances are kept at a concentration below the limits outlined in the workplace exposure standards. If the concentration of the hazardous vapours do exceed the limits outlined in the workplace exposure standards, you will have to install a mechanical ventilation system on your chemical storage cabinets to keep the concentration of the hazardous vapours at a safe level.
To reduce the risk of workplace incidents, it is very important that you store hazardous substances in a safe and compliant manner. The requirements for the indoor storage of hazardous substances is outlined in the Australian Standards. If you would like more information on the design requirements for indoor dangerous goods storage cabinets, download our FREE eBook by clicking on the image below.